Title: 'Effective Communication in Educational Settings for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children'
Track: 10 - Policy, Advocacy and Legislative Issues
Keyword(s): legislation, policy, funding
Learning Objectives:
  1. Attendees will be able to identify three main principles of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.
  2. Attendees will be able to describe the “effective communication” requirement of the Americans with Disabilities Act.
  3. Attendees will be able to provide an example of a way in which the protections under these laws are similar and an example of a way in which the protections under these laws are different.


School personnel and parents know that the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) guarantees certain educational rights in the school setting. What is less understood is the way in which the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) protects deaf and hard of hearing children’s right to “effective communication” in the school setting and beyond. A recent federal court case, K.M. v. Tustin Unified School District, and joint guidance from the U.S. Department of Justice and U.S. Department of Education clarify and emphasize what the ADA requires, how it works with IDEA, and what parents can do if they feel their child is not receiving effective communication in their educational setting.
Presentation: Tuesday_Coe_1100_BarbaraRaimondo_1650.pdf

Handouts: Handout is not Available
CART: Topical Session 5- 1650.docx
Barbara Raimondo - POC,Primary Presenter,Author
Conference of Educational Administrators of Schools and Programs for the Deaf
     Credentials: Esq.
      Barbara is a long-time advocate for the rights of deaf and hard of hearing individuals and their families. She has worked as a government relations liaison, director of advocacy, parent consultant, attorney, and trainer. She has presented and written about numerous topics including early hearing detection and intervention, education, test equity, civil rights, family support, deaf-hearing partnerships, parent and deaf community involvement, and others. She also has served on the board of the Maryland School for the Deaf, including as president for three terms. She has testified before Congress. She and her husband are the parents of two deaf young adults and in the past hosted a deaf exchange student from Ghana. She received her law degree from George Mason University.

Financial - No relevant financial relationship exist.

Nonfinancial - No relevant nonfinancial relationship exist.