Title: 'How to Identify Visual Impairments in Children who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing'
Track: 5 - Medical Home
Keyword(s): Deafblind, Visual Impairment, Early Intervention, Family Support
Learning Objectives:
  1. 1. Participants will learn 3 key behaviors that may indicate an infant or toddler has a visual impairment.
  2. 2. Participants will learn 5 risk factors that may indicate visual impairment and the need for ophthalmological testing in an infant or toddler.
  3. 3. Participants will learn 5 common syndromes associated with combination hearing and vision loss.


In the U.S., there are roughly 10,000 children who are deaf-blind. Deaf-blindness is a low incidence disability and within this population of children there is great variability. Ninety percent of children who are identified as deaf-blind have additional physical, medical, and/or cognitive disabilities. Although the term deaf-blind implies a complete absence of hearing and sight, in reality, it refers to children with varying degrees of vision and hearing loss. The key feature of deaf-blindness is that this combination of loss limits access to auditory and visual information and creates unique challenges for communication and education. As a result, families often face difficulties in securing the knowledge and resources needed to support their children. Students who are deaf-blind require special teaching methods and accommodations to succeed as learners and because the majority of these children receive their education in their local schools, there is an increased need for specialized professional development to train teachers and service providers. In this session we will review the work that Dr. Susan Wiley and the Ohio Center for Deafblind Education has completed to help early intervention providers, physicians, and parents understand the need for and the identification of visual impairments in children, ages birth to 3 years. Participants will take away a checklist created by Dr. Wiley and the OCDBE to be used in the referral and identification process.
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Handouts: Handout_1626SusanWiley.pptx
CART: CART Transcription is not Available
Leanne Parnell - Co-Presenter
Ohio Center for Deafblind Education
     Credentials: B.A.
      Leanne has a background in Deaf Education and ASL/English interpreting. She has worked in the Deaf/Deafblind communities for many years. She has experience working with families and children, as well as adults who are deaf and deafblind. Leanne is currently the Outreach Specialist at the Ohio Center for Deafblind Education. She coordinates many of the training opportunities, including INSITE, VIISA and SKI*HI. She is also responsible for organizing DBTAP visits, the Mentor Program, Milestone Packets, Lending Library and product requests.

Financial - No relevant financial relationship exist.

Nonfinancial - No relevant nonfinancial relationship exist.
Susan Wiley - Primary Presenter
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
     Credentials: M.D., Developmental Pediatrician, Professor
      Dr. Susan Wiley is a developmental pediatrician with expertise in children who are deaf/hard of hearing. She has many years of experience serving children with multiple disabilities.

Financial - No relevant financial relationship exist.

Nonfinancial - No relevant nonfinancial relationship exist.