March 13-15, 2016 • San Diego, CA


3/15/2016  |   3:00 PM - 3:30 PM   |  Topical Session 7   |  Royal Palm 1/2   |  3 - Language Acquisition and Development

Effect of Amplification on Speech and Language Development in Children with Aural Atresia

Abstract Purpose: Currently there is no guideline regarding amplification or verification for children with aural atresia. This population, with the absence of the ear canal, has obvious congenital hearing loss. Research suggests that delayed treatment for hearing loss can result in speech and language impairments including poor performance in school. In this study we wanted to examine the relationship between amplification and emerging speech and language development in children with aural atresia. Method: Subjects included children, 3 - 6 years of age, with conductive hearing loss due to atresia. Clinical evaluations were used to determine relationships between amplification and speech and language development. Subjects underwent an audiology exam, including pure tone or warble tone air and bone conduction using play audiometry techniques, and a speech and language evaluation assessing language and vocabulary skills. Results: Subjects who were fit before one year of age show better compliance with aid use and exhibited fewer delays in speech and language development. Interestingly, children with right-sided atresia had significantly greater speech and language delays when compared to age norms from standardized tests. Conclusions: Our findings highlight a relationship between side of atresia, time of first amplification, compliance in aid use, and speech and language abilities.

  • Define aural atresia/microtia
  • understand the benefit of early amplification

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Judy Attaway (Primary Presenter,Author,POC), Casa Colina centers for health care, Attawad@aol.com;
Judy has 30 years working in a hospital based rehabilitation program. She currently works as director of audiology services at Casa Colina Hospital and Centers for Rehabilitation who is supporting her current research projects.


Financial - Receives Salary for Employment,Management position,Teaching and speaking from Casa Colina Centers for Health Care.  

Nonfinancial - No relevant nonfinancial relationship exist.