16th ANNUAL EARLY HEARING DETECTION & INTERVENTION MEETING
February 26-28, 2017 • Atlanta, GA

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2/27/2017  |   11:35 AM - 12:05 PM   |  Language Underperformance in Young Children 0-6 Years of Age Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing: Are the Expectations Too Low?   |  Hanover E

Language Underperformance in Young Children 0-6 Years of Age Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing: Are the Expectations Too Low?

Purpose: Despite early intervention efforts, language for many children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) continue to remain average. Objectives: Examine language performance in the context of cognitive abilities; Identify factors associated with language underperformance (LU). Methods: Children with bilateral HL, age 0-6 years enrolled in prospective cohort study of development. Standardized assessments included language, cognition, behavioral measures. NVIQ was categorized: <80, 80-100, >100. Language reported as standard scores and as ratios of receptive language to nonverbal IQ (NVIQ). Low language was defined as receptive standard score <80; LU as ratio<85. Multiple logistic regression used to identify factors associated with LU (significant odds ratios (OR) reported). Results: 151 children enrolled, median age of HL diagnosis 4 months, half with mild-moderate HL, 35.8% use cochlear implant. Adjusted mean language scores increased with increasing NVIQ categories (70.4, 80, 92.8 respectively, p<.0001). Adjusted mean ratios decreased with increasing NVIQ categories (102.3, 88.5, 83.3, p<.0001) indicating widening language gaps. Only 29% of NVIQ<80 had LU, though most had receptive scores <80; whereas 41% of NVIQ>100 had LU. Children were more likely to have LU: NVIQ>100 (OR 6.4), lowest SES index (OR 6.5), nonwhite (OR 3.1), used an implant (OR 3.7). Amplification, identification age were not significant. Conclusion: Children with lowest NVIQ had significantly higher ratios (though lowest language scores) than other NVIQ categories. Children with highest NVIQ were at highest risk for LU. Standard scores do not always convey a language “gap” which can have a negative impact on other developmental domains.

  • Recognize the importance of understanding a child's non-verbal cognitive levels to build appropriate language goals
  • Identify factors associated with language underperformance in children who are d/hh
  • Recognize implications of language underperformance on other developmental domains

Presentation:
15804_5717SusanWiley.pdf

Handouts:
Handout is not Available

Transcripts:
5717.rtf


Presenters/Authors

Susan Wiley (), Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, susan.wiley@cchmc.org;
Dr. Susan Wiley is a developmental pediatrician with extensive expertise in children who are deaf/hard of hearing. She has many years of experience serving children with multiple disabilities. Dr Wiley provides leadership and guidance to the National American Academy of Pediatrics, the Ohio Department of Health Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Program, the Ohio Center for Deaf-Blind Education, and the Outreach Center for Deafness and Blindness in the Ohio Center for Low Incidence.

ASHA DISCLOSURE:

Financial - No relevant financial relationship exist.

Nonfinancial - No relevant nonfinancial relationship exist.


Jareen Meinzen-Derr (), Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, jareen.meinzen-derr@cchmc.org;
Dr. Meinzen-Derr is quantitative epidemiologist at the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. She has focused her research on outcomes of children who are deaf or hard of hearing, and specifically those who have additional developmental disabilities.

ASHA DISCLOSURE:

Financial - Receives Grants for Independent contractor from HRSA.   Receives Grants for Independent contractor from HRSA MCH Grant.   Receives Grants for Other activities from HRSA.   Receives Grants for Other activities from HRSA.  

Nonfinancial - No relevant nonfinancial relationship exist.


Sandra Grether (), Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, sandra.grether@cchmc.org;
Dr. Grether is a Speech and Language Pathologist who works with children with developmental disabilities. Her expertise is in the field of augmentative and alternative communication.

ASHA DISCLOSURE:

Financial - No relevant financial relationship exist.

Nonfinancial - No relevant nonfinancial relationship exist.


Daniel Choo (), Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, daniel.choo@cchmc.org;
Dr. Choo is a professor of pediatric otolaryngology at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. He is a neuro-otologist and has an extensive clinical practice and active research career in the field of childhood hearing loss.

ASHA DISCLOSURE:

Financial - No relevant financial relationship exist.

Nonfinancial - No relevant nonfinancial relationship exist.


Rose McAuley (), Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, rose.mcauley@cchmc.org;
Rose McAuley is a speech-language pathologist who works with children who have developmental disabilities. She also has experience implementing augmentative and alternative communication into therapies for children of all levels of ability.

ASHA DISCLOSURE:

Financial -

Nonfinancial -