Last Modified: 10/09/2015
Telehealth and EHDI Systems
What is "Telehealth"
Telehealth is the use of electronic information and telecommunications technologies to support long-distance clinical health care, patient and professional health-related education, public health and health administration. http://www.hrsa.gov/telehealth/
What are some examples of Telehealth technologies?
Technologies used in telehealth typically are: videoconferencing, the Internet, store-and-forward imaging, streaming media, and terrestrial and wireless communications.
What is “Telepractice?”
Telepractice encompasses a broader range of services. Groups such as the American Speech Language Hearing Association (ASHA) define telepractice as "the application of telecommunications technology to delivery of professional services at a distance by linking clinician to client, or clinician to clinician, for assessment, intervention, and/or consultation." Telepractice is used to provide services such as speech/language therapies and early intervention services, particularly to families who live far from specialists.
How are EHDI systems involved in Telehealth or Telepractice?
An NCHAM survey completed by 48 states and 4 territories in August/September of 2010 revealed:
- 42% had some telehealth efforts underway or planned
- Telehealth services were primarily Diagnostic ABR’s
- Telepractice services were primarily early intervention and communication-related therapies
- Learn more about the 2010 Telehealth Survey [PDF]
What are some examples of EHDI systems efforts?
The Tele-intervention Resource Guide highlights recommended practices for providing early intervention services to families of infants and toddlers with hearing loss via distance technologies. Based on the work of six pioneering early intervention programs, the guide offers important information about technology considerations, licensure and reimbursement, as well as how to ensure privacy and security.
American Telemedicine Association
- The American Telemedicine Association provides state reports on telehealth legislation [PDF]
- Blueprint for Telerehabilitation Guidelines developed by AMA's Special Interest Group serves as a template for developing discipline-specific standards, guidelines, and practice requirements. [PDF]
- Telemedicine: A Toolkit: Published by the Alliance for Health Reform with funding from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, this toolkit provides an overview of telemedicine and examples of current telemedicine applications, including those specific to pediatrics and children with special health care needs. [PDF] A collection of evidence to support telemedicine in the context of the medical home neighborhood is provided.
Telehealth Resource Centers
Telehealth Resource Centers (TRCs) assist organizations, providers and communities in implementing cost effective and sustainable telehealth programs. TRCs are HRSA- designated focal points for information and resources to advance the use of telehealth, including issues regarding reimbursement. The Telehealth Resource Centers are supported by grants from the Office for the Advancement of Telehealth.
You can also contact any of the regional centers listed below:
- California Telehealth Resource Center
- Phone: 877.590.8144
- Great Plains Telehealth Resource & Assistance Center
- Phone: 888.239.7092
- Heartland Telehealth Resource Center
- Phone: 877.643.4872
- Mid-Atlantic Telehealth Resource Center
- Phone: 855.628.7248
- Direct: 434.906.4960
- National Telehealth Policy Resource Center
- Phone: 877.707.7172
- Direct: 916.285.1860
- National Telehealth Technology Assessment Resource Center
- Phone: 877.885.5672
- Direct: 907.729.4703
- NorthEast Telehealth Resource Center
- Phone: 800.379.2021
- Northwest Regional Telehealth Resource Center
- Phone: 888.662.5601
- Pacific Basin Telehealth Resource Center
- Phone: 808.692.1250
- South Central Telehealth Resource Center
- Phone: 855.664.3450
- Southeast Telehealth Resource Center
- Phone: 888.738.2210
- Southwest Telehealth Resource Center
- Phone: 520.626.4498
- TexLa Telehealth Resource Center
- Phone: 877.391.0487
- Direct: 806.743.4440
- Upper Midwest Telehealth Resource Center
- Phone: 855.283.3734
The Telehealth Adoption Toolbox has been developed by the Telehealth Resource Centers, compiling a range of resources relevant to all stages of planning, executing, and evaluating the implementation of telehealth. In addition, they have included publicly available resources as well as resources developed by Health Resources and Services Administration explicitly for this toolbox.
American Speech‐Language‐Hearing Association
- Telepractice for SLPs and Audiologists
- Speech‐Language Pathologists Providing Clinical Services via Telepractice: Position Statement (2005). Available from www.asha.org/policy.
- American Speech‐Language‐Hearing Association. (2005). Speech‐Language Pathologists Providing Clinical Services via Telepractice: Technical Report [Technical Report]. Available from www.asha.org/policy.
- Privacy and Internet-based Telepractice by Ellen Cohn (Sept. 2011), v.1, no.1, 26-37. Provides a valuable summary of HIPAA privacy and security issues pertaining to TI. It features specific questions to consider when conducting a risk analysis.
HRSA works to increase and improve the use of telehealth to meet the needs of underserved people via this federal office.