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EHDI: Early Hearing Detection & Intervention | NTRC: National Technical Resource Center

Last Modified: 11/10/2022

State EHDI/UNHS Mandates: Summary Table

This table shows only what is required by the law, which may be different from what states are doing. For example, Rhode Island has one of the best statewide tracking and reporting systems in the country, even though their law does not mention tracking and reporting.

Summary of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening
States Year Passed Full Implement-
ation by:
Requires Screening of: Advisory Committee Established? Covered Benefit of Health Insurance? Report to State DOH Provision of Educational Materials? Informed Consent by Parents? Liability Immunity? Parental Objection Exclusion? Hearing Impairment Defined?
Alabama 1991 Not specified All Babies No Medicaid/ Medicare Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes (in regulations)
Alaska 2006 Jan 1, 2008 All Babies Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Arizona 2007 Not specified All Babies Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes (in regulations)
Arkansas 1999 July 1, 2000 Hospitals
>50 births
Yes Medicaid Yes Yes Yes Yes
California 1998 Aug 19, 1998 All Babies No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Colorado 1997 July 1, 1999 All Babies Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes (in regulations)
Connecticut 1997 July 1, 2000 All Babies No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No
Delaware 2005 Oct 7, 2005 All Babies Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No Yes
District of Columbia 2000 Not specified All Babies Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Florida 2000 Oct 01, 2000 All Babies Yes Yes Yes
Georgia 1999 July 1, 2002 All Babies (in regulations) Yes No Yes No No No Yes Yes
Hawaii 1990 Not Specified All Babies No No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes
Idaho
Illinois 1999 Jul 7, 1999 All Babies Yes (in regulations) No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes (in regulations)
Indiana 1999 July 1, 2000 All Babies Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes (in regulations)
Iowa 2003 Jan 1, 2004 All Babies Yes Yes Yes
Kansas 1999 All Babies No No Yes Yes (in regulations) Yes No Yes No
Kentucky 2000 July 14, 2000 Hospitals > 40 births No No Yes Yes No No No No
Louisiana 1999 April 1, 2002 All Babies Yes No Yes No No No No Yes
Maine 1999 Nov 01, 2000 All Babies Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes (in regulations) Yes
Maryland 1999 July 1, 2000 All Babies Yes Yes Yes Yes
Massachusetts 1997 Not Specified All Babies Yes Yes Yes Yes
Michigan 2006 Not specified All babies Yes No Yes No No No No No
Minnesota 2007* September 1, 2007 All Babies Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Mississippi 1997 Jan 1, 1998 All Babies Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes
Missouri 1999 Jan 1, 2002 All Babies Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes (in regulations)
Montana 2001 June 30, 2003 All Babies Yes No Yes Yes No No No No
Nebraska 2000 Dec 01, 2003 >95% Yes Yes Yes Yes
Nevada 2000 Jan 1, 2001 Hospitals
> 500
Yes Yes Yes
New Hampshire 2005 Not specified Not specified Yes No Yes No No No Yes No
New Jersey 2000 Jan 1, 2002 All Babies Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes (in regulations) Yes Yes (in regulations)
New Mexico 2001 July 1, 2001 All Babies No No No No No No Yes No
New York 1999 Not Specified Hospitals > 400 births (other hospitals must refer infant for a hearing screening) No No Yes Yes (in regulations) No No No Yes (in regulations)
North Carolina 1999 Not Specified All Babies No No Yes Yes No No Yes No
North Dakota
Ohio 2002 June 30, 2004 All Babies Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes (in regulations) Yes Yes
Oklahoma 2000 November 1, 2000 All Babies No No Yes Yes (in regulations) No No Yes (in regulations) No
Oregon 1999 Not specified Hospitals > 200 births Yes (in regulations) No Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Pennsylvania 2001 July 1, 2002 <85% of live births Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Puerto Rico 2003 January 18, 2004 <80% of infants born in hospitals Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes
Rhode Island 1992 July 1, 2003 All Babies Yes Yes No No No No Yes No
South Carolina 2000 June 30, 2001 Hospitals
>100 births
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
South Dakota
Tennessee 2008 July 1, 2008 All Babies No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes
Texas 1999 April 1, 2001 All Babies No Yes (in regulations) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Utah 1998 July 1, 1999 All Babies Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes (in regulations)
Vermont 1997 Not specified All Babies No No Yes Yes No No Yes No
Virginia 1998 July 1, 2000 All Babies Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Washington
West Virginia 1998 July 1, 2000 All Babies Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes No
Wisconsin 1999 January 4, 2001 All Babies No No Yes No Yes No Yes Yes
Wyoming 1999 July 1, 1999 All Babies No No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No

Date rules are to be adopted by the state. No mention is made in the law of when full implementation must occur.

Note: This table shows only what is required by the law, which may be different from what states are doing. For example, Rhode Island has one of the best statewide tracking and reporting systems in the country, even though their law does not mention tracking and reporting.